Fingerprint History

In its endeavour to improve its skills and capacity, the human race spares no effort to discover tools, assistance, and techniques. At Empower Mind Streaks, we view the analysis of Fingerprints as an integral part of this overall effort. Here we present a quick tour of the field and its development over the years..




Grouping Of Fingerprint Pattern

There are three principal groups of Fingerprint patterns, and each group displays common characteristics. Each group of patterns has sub-groups. The images of groups and sub-groups are given in left:

Some Legendaries Thoughts

Improving the capabilities of the human race was the central interest of the work of Sir Francis Galton. He happened to be a first cousin of Charles Darwin, the pioneering evolutionist. Sir Galton had written a work on family trees and inter-breeding. He also evinced a keen interest in fingerprints. His initial interest was in their use for the purpose of infallible identification, but his curiosity was furthered when he came across J.Purkinje's work. He sought to develop on J.Purkinje's nine finger patterns and evolved a terminology for the field of dactylography.

The Czech biologist, J Purkinje was the first to formally classify fingerprint patterns and he created a nine pattern system. J.Purkinje was the man who developed the world's first Department of Physiology and the first-ever Physiology lab at the University of Breslau, around the late 1830s. He had introduced the terms "plasma" and "protoplasm", and discovered sweat glands in 1833. Purkinje also has a crater on the moon named after him. Such was the versatility of the trailblazer in the field of fingerprint patterns.

At Empower Mind Streaks, we note the strong Indian connection with the advancement of this field. W. J. Herschel who published a paper in the late 19th century in the journal "Nature" reported the use of the fingerprints for identifying people, and upon the experience of doing so in Bengal. It was in India that the popular Henry system (named after Sir Edward R. Henry, a police officer stationed in India) was developed which spread to most English-speaking countries.

In the Henry classification, there are three basic fingerprint patterns: the loop, the whorl, and the arch which are respectively manifested in 60-65%, 30-35% and 5% of all fingerprints. Now these patterns can be classified in more complex ways and subdivided further, such as arches can be seen as plain arches or tented arches, loops can be ulnar or radial, and whorls can be plain, accidental, peacock's eye, composite, double loop etc.

The heritage literature in India discusses three types of ridge patterns: the Shankh (conch-shell), the Chakra (the wheel) and the Shakti (the energy). Respectively, they correspond to the ulnar and radial loop, the whorl, and the composite.

Our own team of analysts and counselors is committed to deepening the knowledge, particularly that of application in the field, so that strong testimonials from beneficiaries will draw more people to the advantages of consulting the Dermatoglyphics.

In the modern age,the English palmist Noel Jaquin studied character traits for five different patterns viz. the arch, the tented arch, the loop, the whorl, and the composite. He associated a set of qualities with each of them.

1. The Arch: Over cautious, not confiding. Keeping to oneself. A defensive outlook. Grudging and ungenerous.
2. The Tented Arch: The emotional fan who adores art but is perhaps not gifted himself or lacks the strength of commitment. Easily swayed by impulses and by a sense of the grandiose. Given to a sense of high drama.
3. The Loop: Responsive and malleable. Can change quickly but somewhat inattentive.
4. The Whorl: Very determinedly individualistic. Doggedly pursuing their own goal at any cost. High degree of autonomy.
5. The Composite: Very earthy but also fault-finding. Rooted to tangible matters and quite worldly wise. Somewhat inflexible.

We here consider a few more notable authors and commentators who have advanced their own perspective or otherwise surveyed the available literature in Dermatoglyphics.