Multiple Intelligence History

The Theory Of Multiple Intelligences was proposed by Howard Gardner in 1983 as a model of intelligence that differentiates intelligence into various specific (primarily sensory) modalities, rather than seeing it as dominated by a single general ability.

8 Multiple Intelligence

Neurons have the major control of our intelligence development. Dermatoglyphics analysis can help us discover the development of our neurons and understand our innate strength and weakness. Even Albert Einstein has only used 30% of his innate intelligence, the rest is developing intelligence. How can parents and educators help children develop their intelligence?

Some Legendaries Thoughts

Dr. Gardner’s Frames of Mind around multiple intelligence has had a profound impact on thinking and practice in education. His theory suggests that there are a number of distinct forms of intelligence that each individual possesses in varying degrees. Gardner points out that the different intelligences represent not only different content domains but also learning modalities. His further implication of the theory is that assessment of abilities should measure all forms of intelligence.

Gardner argues that there is a wide range of cognitive abilities, and that there are only very weak correlations among them. For example, the theory predicts that a child who learns to multiply easily is not necessarily generally more intelligent than a child who has more difficulty on this task. The child who takes more time to master simple multiplication 1) may best learn to multiply through a different approach, 2) may excel in a field outside of mathematics, or 3) may even be looking at and understanding the multiplication process at a fundamentally deeper level, or perhaps as an entirely different process. Such a fundamental understanding can result in what looks like slowness and can hide a mathematical intelligence potentially higher than that of a child who quickly memorizes the multiplication table despite possessing a less detailed understanding of the process of multiplication.

Gardner believes that eight abilities meet these criteria

Intra Personal

This intelligence has to do with introspective and self reflective capacities. This refers to having a deep understanding of the self; what your strengths/ weaknesses are, what makes you unique, being able to predict your own reactions/emotions. Philosophical and critical thinking is common with this intelligence.

Those who are strongest in this intelligence are typically introverts and prefer to work alone. They are usually highly self aware and capable of understanding their own emotions, goals, and motivations. Many people with this intelligence are authors, psychologists, counselors, philosophers, and members of the clergy.


This area has to do with logical, abstract, inductive and deductive reasoning and numbers. It is safe to assume that those with this intelligence naturally excel in mathematics, chess, computer programming and other logical or numerical activities.

A more accurate definition places emphasis less on traditional mathematical ability and more reasoning capabilities, abstract pattern recognition, scientific thinking and investigation, and the ability to perform complex calculations. Logical reasoning is closely linked to fluid intelligence and to general ability.


Verbal - linguistic intelligence has to do with words, spoken or written. People with verbal-linguistic intelligence display a facility with words and languages. They are typically good at reading, writing, telling stories & memorizing words and dates.

They tend to learn best by reading, taking notes, and listening to lectures, via discussions and debates. Those with verbal-linguistic intelligence learn foreign languages very easily as they have high verbal memory and recall, and an ability to understand and manipulate syntax and structure.


This area has to do with nurturing and relating information to one’s natural surroundings. Examples include classifying natural forms such as animal and plant species and rocks and mountain types; and the applied knowledge of nature in farming, mining, etc. Careers which suit those with this intelligence include naturalists, farmers and gardeners.


This intelligence has to do with interaction with others. Interpersonal intelligence is the ability to understand others. In theory, individuals who have high interpersonal intelligence are characterized by their sensitivity to others' moods, feelings, temperaments and motivations, and their ability to cooperate in order to work as part of a group. Interpersonal intelligence means that you understand what people need to work well.

Individuals with this intelligence communicate effectively and empathize easily with others, and may be either leaders or followers. They typically learn best by working with others and often enjoy discussion and debate. Careers that suit those with this intelligence include sales, politicians, managers, teachers, counselors and social workers.


This intelligence has to do with vision and spatial judgment. People with strong visual-spatial intelligence are typically very good at visualizing and mentally manipulating objects. They have a strong visual memory and are often artistically inclined.

Those with visual-spatial intelligence also generally have a very good sense of direction and may also have very good eye - hand coordination. This is also seen as a characteristic of the bodily - kinesthetic intelligence.

Careers which suit those with this type of intelligence include artists, designers and architects. A spatial person is also good with puzzles.

Bodily Kinesthetic

This intelligence has to do with movement, physical activity and body coordination.
In this category, people are generally adept at physical activities such as sports or dance and often prefer activities which utilize movement.

The core elements of the bodily- kinesthetic intelligence are control of one's bodily motions and the capacity to handle objects skillfully. Gardner elaborates to say that this intelligence also includes a sense of timing, a clear sense of the goal of a physical action, along with the ability to train responses so they become like reflexes.

In theory, people who have bodily-kinesthetic intelligence should learn better by involving muscular movement (e.g. getting up and moving around into the learning experience), and are generally good at physical activities such as sports or dance. They may enjoy acting or performing, and in general they are good at building and making things. They often learn best by doing something physically, rather than by reading or hearing about it. Those with strong bodily-kinesthetic intelligence seem to use what might be termed "muscle memory", drawing on it to supplement or in extreme cases even substitute for other skills such as verbal memory.

Careers that suit those with this intelligence include: athletes, pilots, dancers, musicians, actors, surgeons, builders, police officers, and soldiers. Although these careers can be duplicated through virtual simulation, they will not produce the actual physical learning that is needed in this intelligence.

Musical Rhythmic

This area has to do with sensitivity to sounds, rhythms, tones, and music. People with a high musical intelligence normally have good pitch and may even have absolute pitch, and are able to sing, play musical instruments, and compose music.

Since there is a strong auditory component to this intelligence, those who are strongest in it may learn best via lecture. Language skills are typically highly developed in those whose base intelligence is musical. In addition, they will sometimes use songs or rhythms to learn. They have sensitivity to rhythm, pitch, meter, tone, melody or timbre. Careers that suit those with this intelligence include instrumentalists, singers, conductors, disc jockeys, orators, writers and composers.